Waste to Energy (WTE)
Waste to energy is a term used to describe the conversion of waste by-products into useful electricity (steam-generated). The most common way WTE produced by converting municipal solid waste (MSW defined as residential and commercial refuse) and makes up the largest source of waste in industrialized countries. This industry been producing heat and power in the United States for a century, and there are now more than one hundred WTE plants nationwide.
Today, MSW has expanded to include wastes such as wood, agricultural waste, straw, tires, landfill gases and fish oils. Nearly thirty million tons of trash processed each year in WTE facilities to generate steam and electricity, the benefit from WTE: Preventing greenhouse gases such as methane into the atmosphere reduce 80 – 90% of landfill waste volume prevents emissions such as nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere.