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The triple bottom line

The triple bottom line is a development of the existing economic model of which revenue minus expenses, which is either “loss” if negative, or “profit” if positive.; it adds two more bottom lines, environmental and social concerns. The Triple bottom line referred to as the “three pillars”; profit, people, and the planet.


  • Social progress: education community outreach human rights diversity
  • Socio-environmental: environment health & safety, global climate change crisis management, environmental policy



  • economic growth: innovation, capital efficiency risk management, growth enhancement
  • socio-economic: job creations skills enhancement local economic impact social investments

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