The Toxic Substances Control Act
The toxic control act and textile dyeing, the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) granted USEPA authority to create a framework to collect data on chemicals to assess, mitigate, evaluate, and control risks, which may be posed by their manufacture, processing, and use. The TSCA framework provides several methods to prevent undue risk from exposure to chemicals in the United States.
TSCA standards apply to a chemical any time in its ‘cradle to grave’ lifetime. Under TSCA, USEPA has established an inventory of chemical substances. The natural chemicals USEPA regulates under TSCA include chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), asbestos, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). For textile dyeing operations, the significant impact of TSCA will be the notification to USEPA of chemicals imported from outside the US intended used in commerce. A textile dyeing operation cannot assume that imported products have met all the requirements, no matter how much testing has been completed or no matter how long the chemical used against other countries.
- Environmental aspects of textile dyeing, Woodhead publishing of textiles, source of The Toxic Substances Control Act.