The textile substrate is a term used to describe a substance which upon an enzyme reacts (surface treatments). In other words, compounds that undergo reactions with enzymes. Included are different colourants dyes, natural sizing and thickener materials, such as starches and cellulose derivatives, etc.
The common textile substrates for enzymes are natural fibres. However, synthetic fibres subjected to enzymatic treatments. The reason for most enzyme treatments is the modification of the fibre surface to enhance the hand and appearance of the fibre. One example of fibre modification is the treatment of cotton denim with cellulases to enhance comfort. Or achieve washed worn look jeans, soft jeans or as colour brightener (biopolishing). Furthermore, other purposes are the removal of not wanted by-products such as pectins. Furthermore, a few synthetic fibres explored to enzymatic modifications in the form of textile substrates, for special applications such as biosensors or membranes. However, synthetic fibre, such as polyester, of oil derivatives. Nevertheless, synthetic fibres are huge, created in chemical laboratories to achieve wanted property at competitive prices, and sometimes they can be the best alternative. See plasma technology and surface design
Sources and references
- Textile processing with enzymes edited by A. Cavaco-Paulo and G. M. Gübitz. Published 2003 by Woodhead Publishing. Ecotextile. The way forward for sustainable development in textiles. Published 2007, by Woodhead Publishing Limited and CRC Press