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Breaking tenacity

Breaking tenacity is the term used to describe the tensile stress at rupture of a fibre, yarn, cord, or filament, expressed as the following: Newton per Denier or Tex measured in gram or force.

Bleeding (textiles)

Bleeding is a term used to describe the loss of colour by a fabric or yarn when immersed in water, a solvent, or a similar liquid medium.

Smart textiles

Smart textiles is a term used to describe a whole group of textiles that have built in triggers by different advanced methods (chemically, temperature variations, electroactive polymer) and manufacturing techniques in fibre, yarns and fabrics have been a driving force the last 20 years to make innovative products and product applications that fulfil customers.

Garneting (textile waste)

Garneting (textile waste) is a process of recovering the fibres from hard twisted waste, rags and chippings. The materials and return it a fluffy fibrous condition so it can be reused in blends.


Yarn-dyed is a term used to describe fabrics produced with yarns already dye prior to the weaving process.


Yarn is a generic term for a continuous strand spun from a group of natural or synthetic staple fibres, or filaments, used in weaving, knitting to form textile fabrics.

X-dyed fabrics

X-dyed fabrics. Cross dyed fabrics present a two-colour weave, obtained using different colour yarns in the warp and in the weft

Textile Industry

Textile Industry. Derived from the Latin texere to weave, and used initially to describe woven fabrics. Textiles have become a general term for fibres, yarns, and other materials that can be made into fabrics as well as for woven or knitted fabrics.