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Textile waste

Textile waste can be classified as either pre-consumer or post-consumer textile waste. Pre-consumer textile waste is the leftovers or by-products from textile, fibre- or cotton industries. Post-consumer textile waste is the waste of fleece, flannel, corduroy, cotton, nylon, denim, wool, and linen.

Virgin fibre

Virgin fibres never made into the fabric before, primarily used for wool fibres (virgin wool), to differentiate between these and reclaimed, reprocessed, and reused fibres.


Sulphur is a type of dyestuff used frequently on blacks, and neutrals khaki’s while economic has only moderate fastness to washing and light.

Staple fibre

Staple fibre has short fibre, typically measured in inches or fraction of inches, like those naturally found in cotton and wool. Silk, however, is the only natural fibre that does not come in staple lengths but instead in filament lengths.


Spinning is the process by which cotton, wool, flax, and other short fibre twisted together to produce yarn or thread suitable for weaving into cloth, winding into rope or cable, or used in sewing. Long, continuous fibres, such as silk, are not spun.

Ramie fibre

Ramie fibre the perennial stalk producing plant has been cultivated in eastern Asia for fibre since prehistoric times. 3-8 feet high, with heart-shaped leaves, the plant’s texture was used in the fabric in ancient Egypt and was known in Europe during the Middle Ages.

Other fibres

Other fibre is a term of the composition label of fabrics containing recycled materials. Many of the textiles produced in the Italian area of Prato are made using yarns spun from blends of recycled wool and, of course, other fibres.


Flannel is a brushed, pliable fabric of twill, wool, worsted, cotton or rayon made in tightly woven twill or plain weave and finished with a light napping. Flannel originated in Wales and has a soft, napped surface that partially cancels the pattern.