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Geocomplexity is a term used to describe a category of global issues in which social, political, military, and economic activities interact as a complex system and in which the dynamic nature of the problems make top-down, command-and-control, and reductionist management methods ineffective.

Business as usual

Business, as usual, is a term used in the scenario for future world patterns of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions which assumes that there will be no significant changes in attitudes and priorities.

Butterfly effect

The butterfly effect is a term used to describe the idea within chaos theory called sensitive dependence on initial conditions.


Complexity is a term used to describe technically, an interconnected network of components that cannot be characterized by a few rules.


Chaos is a term used in a mathematical theory describing systems that are very sensitive to the way they are originally set up.