Altruism is a term used to describe doing for the other as an act of good, or for the sake of, whatever the reason for such action performed is a philosophical question.
Spirituality is a term used to describe (common language) our search for transcendence. Recent years an increasing focus on human living a meaningful life, not only as a private person but also as workers in the knowledge age. The western world long ago moved up from the lower needs of Maslow’s hierarchy (the basic needs as food, water-safety, shelter and protection from animals, cold weather etc.)
The concept of Gross National Happiness (GNH) was already mentioned in the section on economic value, as an attempt to define an indicator that measures the quality of life in a holistic way than its commercial counterpart GDP. Bhutan’s former King Jigme Singye coined the term.
Ecosystem services is a term used to describe ecological processes or functions having monetary or non-monetary value to individuals or society at large.
Human need is a term used to describe a comprehensive set of fundamental basic needs that are culturally and historically universal, non-overlapping, non-substitutable, complementary to one another, and must be satisfied on a persistent basis.