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Closed-loop system

Closed-loop system

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Life cycle assessment  (LCA)

Life cycle assessment (LCA)

Life cycle assessment or LCA – refers to a process in industrial ecology by which the products, processes, and facilities used to manufacture specific products are each examined for their environmental impacts. A balance sheet prepared for each product that considers: the use of materials..read more..

Material recovery

Material recovery

Extraction of materials from the waste stream for reuse or recycling. Examples include source separation, front-end recovery, in-plant recycling, post combustion recovery, leaf composting and so on.

Product lifespan complexity

Product lifespan complexity

Product life-span complexity is term used to describe the abstract negative and positive sides of a product after its obsolescence, neither planned or not bits a difficult task to consider all effects if a product after its life-time, deserve to be called a success from an environmental viewpoint. Therefore, because of many companies careless view and ethical approaches to such considerations in the first place, it might as well be a simple solution and response to demand that all products last longer, perhaps indefinitely, much like traditional hand tools and utensils. Read more..

The chasing arrows

The chasing arrows

It’s a common misconception that the chasing arrows recycling symbol represents reduce, reuse and reduce or the three R’s. It was designed in 1970 by Gary Anderson, 23-year graduate student. The symbols illustrate the closed loop system with each arrow line draw a step in the process; collection, manufacturing and purchasing in a closed loop. Read more..