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Closed-loop system

Closed-loop system

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Life cycle assessment (LCA)

Life cycle assessment or LCA – refers to a process in industrial ecology by which the products, processes, and facilities used to manufacture specific products are each examined for their environmental impacts — a balance sheet prepared for each product that considers: the use of materials.

Material recovery

Material recovery is the extraction of materials from the waste stream for reuse or recycling. Examples include source separation, front-end recovery, in-plant recycling, post-combustion recovery, leaf composting, and so on.

Product lifespan complexity

Product life-span complexity is a term used to describe the abstract negative and positive sides of a product after its obsolescence, neither planned or not bits a difficult task to consider all effects if a product after its life-time, deserve to be called success from an environmental viewpoint.