A biological molecular machine that consumes energy in one form and converts it into motion or mechanical work; for example, many protein-based molecular motors harness the chemical-free power released by the hydrolysis of ATP to perform mechanical action.
Proteins are large molecules consisting of chains of amino acids, which are essential components of the structure and function of all organisms.
Crystallization is a term used to describe the method for transforming a solution into a solid, where a supersaturated solution nucleates the solute by a chemical equilibrium controlled process.
Gene is a term used to describe in the most straightforward cases, a segment of DNA that specifies the structure of a protein or an RNA molecule. Each gene contains instructions on producing or controlling a specific protein.
Bioderivation is a term used to describe a process of which a biomaterial with desired properties to create hybrid materials.
Biopolymer is a term used to describe an organic compound of high molecular-weight.