A biological molecular machine that consumes energy in one form and converts it into motion or mechanical work; for example, many protein-based molecular motors harness the chemical-free power released by the hydrolysis of ATP to perform mechanical action.
The genome is a term used in the entire complement of genetic information; all the DNA in a cell (some organisms encode their genome in RNA).
The chromosome is a term used on a package of several distinct strands of DNA often found in the genome.
The biomarker is a term used to describe a biochemical substance whose presence and structure serves as a signature of life, for example a measurable DNA/RNA or protein.
A Bioreceptor is a biological molecular species (e.g., an antibody, an enzyme, a protein, or a nucleic (acid) or a living natural system.
The Bioreactor is a term used as an apparatus which is used to carry out bioprocesses such as fermenters and enzyme reactors.
Green chemistry is a term used on an emerging field of science that develops chemicals to be benign. Rather than presuming to keep human and ecological exposures to chemicals within levels of toxicity deemed “acceptable,”, sustainable chemistry aims to make chemicals inherently safe.