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Systematic approach to design graphics


Design for Maintainability (DFMt)

Design for maintainability is a term to describe the systematic consideration of maintainability issues over the product ’s projected life cycle in the design and development process.

Ezio Manzini

Ezio Manzini is possibly the world’s leading expert on sustainable design, with a focus on scenario building toward solution’s all-embracing social and environmental quality.

Embodied energy

Embodied energy is a term used to describe the energy used in making a product, including fibre production, manufacturing, shipping to market and final disposal.

Water footprint

The water footprint is a term used to describe a total product use of water to produce and consume it.


Gabi is a Life-cycle assessment tool for modelling social, environmental, and economic impacts of products and systems attributed to material flows and processes.