The Abstract (environmental) is a term used to describe after all positive and negative sides of production, use, after-life measurement has been a success or failure depending and seen from environmental, social impacts.
Cartel is a term used to describe a formal agreement among companies in an oligopolistic industry.
Design for upgradability is a term used to describe the ability of a product to be upgraded as people’s needs or technology changes.
Green packaging amounted for 33 per cent of solid waste measured by weight in the United States. Make wrapping the largest form of domestic garbage. In marketing, the packaging is one of the four tools also named the Ps.
Industrial ecology is a field of study that handles within the sustainability framework. The essence of industrial ecology described as a system not in isolation from its surrounding systems, but the plan with them.
Planned product obsolescence or built-in obsolescence, is an industrial design strategy of which; the intention is a proposed product with a limited lifespan. The most common form of product obsolescence is the fading out of product when new versions.
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The throwaway society is a term used to describe the fast consumer society of which the failure to design produce and maintain longer-lasting products is the opposite.