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Fungi is a diverse group of plants that are not capable of photosynthesis but obtain carbon nutrition from the absorption of carbon compounds from the environment.


Glucose is a simple sugar, or monosaccharide, formula C6H12O6. This six-carbon carbohydrate is the main source of energy for animals and plants.

C3 plants

C3 plants produce a three-carbon compound during photosynthesis, including most trees and agricultural crops such as rice, wheat, soybeans, potatoes and vegetables.

C4 plants

C4 plant, mainly of tropical origin, that produce a four-carbon compound during photosynthesis, including many kinds of grass and the agriculturally important crops maize, sugar cane, millet and sorghum

CO2 Fertilization

CO2 Fertilization is the enhancement of plant growth as a result of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations.


Biomass – A biomass fuel is an energy source derived from living organisms.


Photosynthesis. The leaves of plants convert carbon dioxide, water, and nutrient chemicals into plant food via a process called photosynthesis. Without this process, there would be little or no life on the planet.