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Bioprospecting

Bioprospecting is usually conducted by private companies that search in a variety of ecosystems for certain parts of plants, ranging from barks to genetic material.

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Carbon colonialism

Carbon colonialism is a term used by critics of carbon trading to describe how carbon offset’s projects can be used by wealthy consumers in the North to displace their high-carbon consuming practices by offsetting their emissions cheaply in the South.

North (northern countries)

North (northern countries) is a word also used to describe and represent developed, industrialised countries with high carbon emissions per capita. They are responsible for most of the activities that have caused real anthropogenic climate change.

Southern countries

The southern country is a term used to represent developing countries with comparatively low levels of industrialisation and with low-carbon emissions per capita. Besides, most cases, the nations most vulnerable to the effects of climate change than those countries in the North.