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Environmental Kuznets curve (EKC)

Environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) is a term applied to environmental burdens. The Kuznets curve hypothesises that economic inequalities increase before decreasing while a country is developing.

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Green economy

The term Green economy defined as “one that results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. In its simplest expression, a green economy as one, which is low carbon, resource-efficient and socially inclusive” by UNEP 2011.

Gross National Happiness (GNH)

The concept of Gross National Happiness (GNH) was already mentioned in the section on economic value, as an attempt to define an indicator that measures the quality of life in a holistic way than its commercial counterpart GDP. Bhutan’s former King Jigme Singye coined the term.

Metabolism

Metabolism is a term used to describe the energy required to carry out all cellular and physical processes in the living organism; input, transformation, and output of chemical reactions that occur between societies and their natural environment.

Sustainable consumption

Sustainable consumption is terms used to describe a consumption view that is all about ‘doing more and better with less,’ through reducing resource use, degradation and pollution while increasing the quality of life for all.

Sustainable living

Sustainable living is a lifestyle that seeks to reduce an individual’s or society’s use of natural resources. People who live by the term sustainable living often tried to reduce their carbon footprint by alternative transportation, use of renewable sources of energy and eat a diet that does less harm on the environment.