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Glucose is a simple sugar, or monosaccharide, formula C6H12O6. This six-carbon carbohydrate is the main source of energy for animals and plants.

Fibre crimp

Fibre crimp refers to waves, bends, twists or curls along the fibre length. It expressed as crimps per unit length. Some natural fibres are linear; others form two-dimensional or three-dimensional crimps.

Rayon fibre

Rayon fibre is synthetic fibre produced from regenerated cellulose wood pulp treated chemically. Fabrics made from the durable fibre are highly absorbent, soft and drape well. The dye colours are shiny and long-lasting.

Natural fibres

Natural fibres are any hair-like raw material directly obtainable through an animal, vegetable, or mineral source that can be convertible, after spinning, into yarns and then into woven cloth.

International Year of Natural Fibers 2009

International year of natural fibre 2009 Declared by the United Nations, the IYNF expected to raise awareness and cause supply for natural fibres. Objectives are encouragement of appropriate policy responses from governments to the problems faced by natural fibre


Bioleather or bio-based leather is a term used to describe a bio-based material intentionally made from substances derived from once-living organisms.