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Self-assembly (also called Brownian assembly) is a term used to describe a spontaneous organization of individual pre-existing components into an ordered structure without human or supernatural invention.


Nanosilver. Almost 95 per cent of silver in jewellers, photography, silverware and different industrial applications, which include electrical parts such as miniature batteries, bearings, brazing alloys, and photovoltaic cells.


Nanomaterials are the novel engineered formed materials and fabric’s constructions at the nanometric scale. At the Nanoscale, the wholly new and different material property is possible, assembled with extremely accurate measurements at atomic level devices, materials and fabrics that are 100 times stronger than steel.


Nanotechnology represents the design, characterisation, production, and application of structures, devices, and systems by controlling the shape and size of the Nanometre scale.’ Thus, nanotechnology products are those derived from the phenomena and physicochemical characteristics occurring at the dimension of less than 100nm.


Nanoscience. According to the Royal Academy of Engineering (2004), the term nanoscience defined as following: Study of Phenomena and manipulation of materials at atomic, molecular, and macromolecular scales.

Nano-phase material

Nano-phase material is a general term to describe any substance made up of phases that have dimensions of the order of nanometers. An ultrafine single solid phase was at least one dimension is in the nanometre range, sizes are between 1–20 nm