Biomineralization is a term used to describe a process by which living organisms produce minerals, often to harden or stiffen existing tissues. Examples include calcium carbonates in seashells and bone in mammals and bird. Read more..
A bottom-up approach (self-assembly processes) is a term used to describe one of two ways to fabricate nanometre size elements of integrated electronic circuits. This is by building nanostructures from atoms and molecules by their precise positioning on a substrate. Read more..
Carbon nanotube – naturally self-organized nanostructure in the form of a tube composed of carbon atoms with completed bonds. There are two general forms, which are single-wall and multiwall nanotubes. Read more..
Light reflectance is a term used to describe the fraction of the total luminous flux incident upon a surface that is reflected, generally a function of the colour (wavelength) of the light. Read more.
Morphology is a term used to describe the study of the physical form and structure (see below) of a material and include a broad specter of characteristics. Fibre morphology contains macro-structure, micro-structure, sub-microscopic and fine structure of fibres, which are only observable through a light microscope. Read more..