Biomineralisation is a term used to describe a process by which living organisms produce minerals, often to harden or stiffen existing tissues.
A bottom-up approach (self-assembly processes) is a term used to describe one of two ways to fabricate nanometre size elements of integrated electronic circuits.
Carbon nanotube – naturally self-organised nanostructure. In the form of a tube composed of carbon atoms with completed bonds.
Light reflectance is a term used to describe the fraction of the total luminous flux incident upon a surface reflects, generally a function of the colour (wavelength) of the light.
Morphology is a term used to describe the study of the physical form and structure (see below) of a material and include a broad spectre of characteristics. Fibre morphology contains macro-structure, micro-structure, the sub-microscopic and fine structure of fibres, which are only observable through a light microscope.
Nano-phase material is a general term to describe any substance made up of phases that have dimensions of the order of nanometers. An ultrafine single solid phase was at least one dimension is in the nanometre range, sizes are between 1–20 nm
Nanomaterials are the novel engineered formed materials and fabric’s constructions at the nanometric scale. At the Nanoscale, the wholly new and different material property is possible, assembled with extremely accurate measurements at atomic level devices, materials and fabrics that are 100 times stronger than steel.
The Nanoscale of nanotechnology is a general term relating to objects from 1 to 100 nm. Thus a nanosecond is one-billionth of one second; a nanometre (nm) is one-billionth of one metre, and so on.