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Antibacterial finish

The antibacterial finish is a term used to describe the treatment of textile fabric or material to make it resistant to, or to retard the growth of, bacteria.

Structural colour

Structural colour is a term used to describe objects that do not have any pigment yet get their colours from light that is being reflected in microstructures and by this manipulating our brain’s way to see colours (like in a rainbow). In nature, tremendous numbers of orders and patterns are generated spontaneously, which enliven our surroundings.

Tissue engineering

Tissue engineering can perhaps be best defined through the use as a combination of cells, engineering materials, and suitable biochemical factors to improve or replace biological function biomaterials. Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Engineering are fields of disciplinary applied within tissue engineering.


Biomineralisation is a term used to describe a process by which living organisms produce minerals, often to harden or stiffen existing tissues.


Nanomaterials are the novel engineered formed materials and fabric’s constructions at the nanometric scale. At the Nanoscale, the wholly new and different material property is possible, assembled with extremely accurate measurements at atomic level devices, materials and fabrics that are 100 times stronger than steel.

Carbon Nanotube

Carbon nanotube – naturally self-organised nanostructure. In the form of a tube composed of carbon atoms with completed bonds.