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Bioleather

Bioleather or bio-based leather is a term used to describe a bio-based material intentionally made from substances derived from once-living organisms.

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Industrial biotechnology

Industrial biotechnology is a term upon various highly-developed applications that uses engineered microbes and enzymes in chemical synthesis processes. These engineered components can be highly useful to clean up the environment.

Microbes

Microbes are a diverse group of organisms divided into the following. Viruses, unicellular groups (Archaea, Eubacteria, Protista, fungi, and Chlorophyta). Besides some number of plants with a simple multicellular structure (the more giant mushrooms and Chlorophyta).

Microbiology

Microbiology is a term used to describe the study of microorganisms. The name adds today functional Ecology and molecular biology to the discipline. Microbiology was first used in the late 17th century when Leeuwenhoek discovered bacteria.

Microorganism

Microorganism. It is a Microorganisms in all three major kingdoms of life: the Bacteria, the Archaea, and the Eukarya. The presence of a nucleus defines the eukaryotes, while both the Bacteria and Archaea defined as prokaryotes

Retting

Retting is a microbial process that breaks the chemical bonds; it allows that hold the stem together, and separation of the bast fibres happen. This separation needed if linen, flax or hemp fibres are to be used in textile. The two traditional types of retting are field and water retting.