Daisyworld is the name of a mathematically based software program developed by James Lovelock to mimic an important element of the Earth-Sun system model when he was working on the Gaia hypothesis.
Earth system science (Gaia Hypothesis) is a term used to describe science that studies the whole Earth as a system of many interacting parts and focuses on the changes within and between these.
Gaia hypothesis. At the beginning of the 1960s, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) asked the scientist James Lovelock to participate in a scientific research project aimed at trying to find evidence of life on Mars.
Nonviolence is a term used to describe political actions performed without the use of violence. Gandhi was the first in modern times performing such operations against the British Empire while setting India then a colony free.