The biomarker is a term used to describe a biochemical substance whose presence and structure serves as a signature of life, for example a measurable DNA/RNA or protein.
The chromosome is a term used on a package of several distinct strands of DNA often found in the genome.
Clone is a term used to describe a daughter animal with an identical genome to the mother.
The genetic code is a term used to describe the sequences of the genome. More specifically, the system whereby specific amino acids represented in the form of three sequential DNA bases.
Genetic programming (GP) is a term used to describe a specific kind of evolutionary algorithm that manipulates symbols according to prescribed rules, motivated by the genetic operations of selection, mutation, and crossover.
The genome is a term used in the entire complement of genetic information; all the DNA in a cell (some organisms encode their genome in RNA).
Proteins are large molecules consisting of chains of amino acids, which are essential components of the structure and function of all organisms.