Hydrogels made from reprocessed silkworm silk, a gel formed with aqueous solutions of the fibroin prepared as outlined earlier. The rate of sol-gel transition is directly dependent on temperature (higher the temperature the more rapid the gelation), pH (lower the pH the more rapid the gelation), and solids content (higher the solids higher the rates of gelation.
Jute fibre is the name given to the tissue found to certain plants, which grow principally in India, and the East Indian Islands. The common jute comes mainly from Bengal, the province east of India, where it was first known to science around
Spinning is the process by which cotton, wool, flax, and other short fibre twisted together to produce yarn or thread suitable for weaving into cloth, winding into rope or cable, or used in sewing. Long, continuous fibres, such as silk, are not spun.
Ramie fibre the perennial stalk producing plant has been cultivated in eastern Asia for fibre since prehistoric times. 3-8 feet high, with heart-shaped leaves, the plant’s texture was used in the fabric in ancient Egypt and was known in Europe during the Middle Ages.
Retting is a microbial process that breaks the chemical bonds; it allows that hold the stem together, and separation of the bast fibres happen. This separation needed if linen, flax or hemp fibres are to be used in textile. The two traditional types of retting are field and water retting.
Bioleather or bio-based leather is a term used to describe a bio-based material intentionally made from substances derived from once-living organisms.
AirDye (Air dye) is a brand new revolutionary technology that manages the application of colour to textiles without the use of water, developed and patented by the Californian based company Colorep.