Bioleather or bio-based leather is a term used to describe a bio-based material intentionally made from substances derived from once-living organisms.
Biopolymer is a term used to describe an organic compound of high molecular-weight.
Fibres are elongated cells with pitted cell walls. Found in water-conducting tissue, xylem (transport tissue in vascular plants ) and food-conducting tissue, phloem (living tissue carries organic nutrients), along leaf veins and margins, and surrounding vascular bundles in stems.
Flax Fibre is a natural vegetable fibre composed mainly of cellulose processed from the stems of the flax plant.
Jute fibre is the name given to the tissue found to certain plants, which grow principally in India, and the East Indian Islands. The common jute comes mainly from Bengal, the province east of India, where it was first known to science around
Ramie fibre the perennial stalk producing plant has been cultivated in eastern Asia for fibre since prehistoric times. 3-8 feet high, with heart-shaped leaves, the plant’s texture was used in the fabric in ancient Egypt and was known in Europe during the Middle Ages.
Retting is a microbial process that breaks the chemical bonds; it allows that hold the stem together, and separation of the bast fibres happen. This separation needed if linen, flax or hemp fibres are to be used in textile. The two traditional types of retting are field and water retting.
Spinning is the process by which cotton, wool, flax, and other short fibre twisted together to produce yarn or thread suitable for weaving into cloth, winding into rope or cable, or used in sewing. Long, continuous fibres, such as silk, are not spun.