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Burden sharing

Burden sharing (Kyoto Protocol burden-sharing agreement) is a term used to describe a system to mitigate climate change across individual countries fairly.

Carbon colonialism

Carbon colonialism is a term used by critics of carbon trading to describe how carbon offset’s projects can be used by wealthy consumers in the North to displace their high-carbon consuming practices by offsetting their emissions cheaply in the South.

Carbon tax

A carbon tax is a term used to describe a tax on greenhouse-gas emission. In reality, the carbon tax is an important instrument used to curb greenhouse-gas emissions.

Climate mitigation

Climate mitigation is a term used to describe the efforts by governments and organisations to prevent, and reduce the risks from, climate change and its consequences by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases.