Burden sharing (Kyoto Protocol burden-sharing agreement) is a term used to describe a system to mitigate climate change across individual countries fairly.
Carbon colonialism is a term used by critics of carbon trading to describe how carbon offset’s projects can be used by wealthy consumers in the North to displace their high-carbon consuming practices by offsetting their emissions cheaply in the South.
A carbon tax is a term used to describe a tax on greenhouse-gas emission. In reality, the carbon tax is an important instrument used to curb greenhouse-gas emissions.
Climate mitigation is a term used to describe the efforts by governments and organisations to prevent, and reduce the risks from, climate change and its consequences by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases.
Emission is natural or human-caused processes release of material into the environment.
Fracking (hydraulic fracturing) of rock deep beneath the surface to release petroleum product has become a contentious subject across the globe. This practice is not to be mixed up with drilling or extraction.
The Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC), which became effective in 1994, is a voluntary and nonbinding declaration of standards, goals, and objectives that represents international cooperation to reduce human-made greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change.