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The disturbance is a term used to describe a discrete event that disrupts an ecosystem or community, natural disturbances such as fires, hurricanes, tornadoes, droughts, and floods.


Biodiversity is the diversity of living things – eco-systems, species and genetic complexity.

Indigo dying industrial

Indigo dying industrial. Synthetic indigo is a substance created from benzene derivatives from petroleum, a fossil fuel that most of us realise is not in limitless supply. The benzene has to be treated chemicals, including hydrogen cyanide, to make it into indigo dye.

Natural capital

Nature capital. The limited stocks of physical and biological resources found on earth’ (MA, 2005) described as “natural capital”; within this, terms provide nature with a series of services that benefit society and the economy.

Optimal lifetimes

Optimal lifetime is a word used to describe “the appropriate durability of a garment in its lifespan. In our modern society, most people don’t buy clothes to cover basic human needs such as protection from cold weather or rain; parameter such as fit, comfort, look, and the colour is as important. Most clothes are thrown away long before it’s worn out because of lack of aesthetics or meaning.


Ecocide is Acts undertaken with the intention of disrupting or destroying, in whole or in part, a human ecosystem.

Carrying capacity

Carrying capacity is defined by ecologists as the population of a given species that can be supported indefinitely in a designated habitat without permanently damaging the ecosystem.

Renewable feedstock

The Renewable feedstock is a term used to describe a nature-based feedstock. With minimal negative impact or interference on the ecosystem, and that has the unique property to manifest itself again in nature relatively shortly (months to a few years) rather than in a very long time (hundreds or thousands of years).