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Anthroposphere comes from the Greek root word “anthro” with means human sphere and covers people, their concerns, interests and impact on the natural Earth system.



Geo-engineering is the artificial modification of earth systems to counteract climate-change effects, such as increasing carbon dioxide uptake by fertilising ocean surface waters or screening out sunlight with orbiting mirrors.


The geosphere is a term used to describe Earth’s solid matter, mostly composed of rock and secondly regolith ( particles that cover solid Earth) the Surface of Geosphere is where the energy that comes from outside meets energy from the Earth system.