Bio-capacity (biological capacity) is a term used to describe the total usable biological production capacity in a given year of a biologically productive area, such as within a country.
Bio-productivity (biological productivity)is a term used to describe the measurement of the biologic production per hectare per annum.
The Climate model is a numerical representation of the climate system carried out on supercomputers, usually including a range of complex climate variables.
Daisyworld is the name of a mathematically based software program developed by James Lovelock to mimic an important element of the Earth-Sun system model when he was working on the Gaia hypothesis.
Earth system science (Gaia Hypothesis) is a term used to describe science that studies the whole Earth as a system of many interacting parts and focuses on the changes within and between these.
Gaia hypothesis. At the beginning of the 1960s, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) asked the scientist James Lovelock to participate in a scientific research project aimed at trying to find evidence of life on Mars.
The hydrosphere is a term that includes the total of Earth’s water resources such as lakes, oceans, streams, underground, surface water and finally snow and ice. The perennially frozen parts of the hydrosphere collectively referred to as the cryosphere.