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Biomarker

The biomarker is a term used to describe a biochemical substance whose presence and structure serves as a signature of life, for example a measurable DNA/RNA or protein.

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Epigenome

Epigenome

The epigenome is the overall epigenetic state of a particular cell. In the developing embryo, each cell type has a different epigenome. Epigenome maps represent the presence of DNA methylation, histone modification, and other chromatin modifications along the chromosomes. Read more.

Gene

Gene

Gene is a term used to describe in the simplest cases, a segment of DNA that specifies the structure of a protein or an RNA molecule. Each gene contains instructions on producing or controlling a specific protein. Read more..

Genetic code

Genetic code

The genetic code is a term used to describe the sequences of the genome. More specifically, the code whereby specific amino acids are represented in the form of three sequential DNA bases.