The biomarker is a term used to describe a biochemical substance whose presence and structure serves as a signature of life, for example a measurable DNA/RNA or protein.
The chromosome is a term used on a package of several distinct strands of DNA often found in the genome.
Dopamine is a catecholamine neurotransmitter that has a vital role in cognitive function, voluntary movement, reward, motivation, and prolactin production.
The epigenome is the overall epigenetic state of a particular cell. In the developing embryo, each cell type has a different epigenome. Epigenome maps represent the presence of DNA methylation, histone modification, and other chromatin modifications along the chromosomes. Read more.
Gene is a term used to describe in the simplest cases, a segment of DNA that specifies the structure of a protein or an RNA molecule. Each gene contains instructions on producing or controlling a specific protein. Read more..
The genetic code is a term used to describe the sequences of the genome. More specifically, the code whereby specific amino acids are represented in the form of three sequential DNA bases.
The genome is a term used on the entire complement of genetic information; all the DNA in a cell (some organisms encode their genome in RNA).
Proteins are large molecules consisting of chains of amino acids, which are essential components of the structure and function of all organisms.