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Biomarker

The biomarker is a term used to describe a biochemical substance whose presence and structure serves as a signature of life, for example a measurable DNA/RNA or protein.

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Gene

Gene is a term used to describe in the most straightforward cases, a segment of DNA that specifies the structure of a protein or an RNA molecule. Each gene contains instructions on producing or controlling a specific protein.

Genetic code

The genetic code is a term used to describe the sequences of the genome. More specifically, the system whereby specific amino acids represented in the form of three sequential DNA bases.