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Toxicology is a term used in the science of poisons and the study of adverse effects of chemical agents upon living organisms. The basic of the word Toxic comes from the Latin toxicus (translated poisonous), derived from ancient Greek word toxikon (to describe an arrow dipped in poisons).

Moore’s law

Moore´s law is a term used to describe an observation done by the electronic engineer Gordon E. Moore (cofounder Intel 1965) that, in integrated circuits, the transistor density or ‘the complexity for minimum component costs has increased at a rate of a factor of more or less two-yearly; expectedly over the short term this rate can be estimated to continue, if not to raise’.

Global Dynamics

Global dynamics is a term used to describe a new way of thinking about a wide variety of global challenges that recognises that there is a host of factors—complexity, politics, economics, culture, technology, demographics, environmental.


Geocomplexity is a term used to describe a category of global issues in which social, political, military, and economic activities interact as a complex system and in which the dynamic nature of the problems make top-down, command-and-control, and reductionist management methods ineffective.

Food web

Food web is a term used on the interrelationship among the biological organisms in a community according to the transfer of useful energy from food resources to plants eating those resources.


Fungi is a diverse group of plants that are not capable of photosynthesis but obtain carbon nutrition from the absorption of carbon compounds from the environment.

Butterfly effect

The butterfly effect is a term used to describe the idea within chaos theory called sensitive dependence on initial conditions.