Energy measuring is a term used to describe the light and radio waves, X-rays, and other forms of energy that transmitted through space as electromagnetic waves
The throwaway society is a term used to describe the fast consumer society of which the failure to design produce and maintain longer-lasting products is the opposite.
Sone is a device sent into the atmosphere for instance by balloon to obtain information such as temperature and atmospheric pressure, and which sends back information by radio.
Volcanism is a term used to describe the phenomena of volcanic activity. Significant volcanic eruptions spew massive amounts of ash into the atmosphere that absorb solar radiation, thus potentially generating a cooling effect on planetary temperatures.
Tipping point is an irreversible moment when the dreaded feedback loop begins. The most central issue today for the scientific community is the tipping point; have humans already went too far, and may we now be helpless to stop and reverse global warming?