In 1856 William Henry Perkin, an English chemist discovered the synthetic dye Mauveine. From this day forward, synthetic dyestuffs began to supplant natural dye. The synthetic-dye manufacturing industry founded by Perkin in 1857, when he set up facilities near London for the commercial production of Mauveine and, later, of other artificial dyes. Other dye-making factories followed both in the U.K. and continental Europe, and new dyes began to appear on the market.
TEXTILE DYE OVERVIEW