A group of textile fibres that is even more interesting than biodegradability is the concept of “sustainability”. Sustainable living is taking no more potentially renewable resources from the natural world than be replenished and not overloading capacity of the environment to cleanse and renew itself by natural processes. Resources are sustainable if they utilised; oil resources, for example, are gradually decreasing whereas the wind harnessed to produce energy continuously. In terms of fibres, a durable thread is one that ideally involves completely renewable energy in its production and non-fossil-fuel-derived energy in the production processes. Renewable sources of polymeric fabrics as well offer an answer to maintaining sustainable development of economically and ecologically suitable technology.
To be named truly sustainable fibre
- Provide a similar function to the product or service replaces and performs better or as well
- A competitive price range or lower
- A lower carbon footprint than the previous product for all processes involved
- Be made from renewable resources
- Do not contain any chemicals or substances that are not safe at both to humans and the environment;
- Do not have any negative consequences on essential resources as water and food.
- Meet criteria, few positive and beneficial groups of fibres as poly that soon potentially could achieve them in terms of manufacture and Waste Management.
- An idealized life cycle of a fully green fibre measured by a set of tools named life cycle assessment study (LCA)