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Supreme court

Supreme court is the highest level of the appeals court that reviews and reconciles conflicting decisions of lower appeals courts within its jurisdiction. In the United States, each state has a supreme court, whereas the U.S. Supreme Court, the highest level of federal court, has jurisdiction over all the state supreme courts, and its decisions become the law of the land.

The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which enumerate the fundamental rights of citizens, were introduced in the First Congress, to overcome fears that the new federal system would not protect individual liberties. They went into effect in 1791. The Supreme court decisions have by several occasions’ cases broken the U.S. constitutional rights significantly (Source The dirty dozen How Twelve Supreme Court Cases Radically Expanded Government and Eroded Freedom by Robert A. Levy and William Mellor. Published by Cato Institute, 2009).

General welfare
  • Helvering v. Davis (1937)
  • Dishonourable Mention: United States v. Butler (1936)

Regulating Interstate Commerce
  • Wickard v. Filburn (1942)
  • Dishonourable Mention: Gonzales v. Raich (2005)

Rescinding Private Contracts
  • Home Building & Loan Association v. Blaisdell (1934)
  • Dishonourable Mention: Gold Clause Cases (1935)

Lawmaking by Administrative Agencies
  • Whitman v. American Trucking Associations, Inc. (2001)

Campaign Finance Reform and Free Speech
  • McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
  • Dishonourable Mention: Buckley v. Valeo (1976)

Gun Owners’ Rights
  • The United States v. Miller (1939)

Civil Liberties Versus National Security
  • Korematsu v. The United States (1944)

Asset Forfeiture Without Due Process
  • Bennis v. Michigan (1996)

Eminent Domain for Private Use
  • Kelo v. City of New London (2005)
  • Dishonourable Mention: Berman v. Parker (1954)

Taking Property by Regulation
  • Penn Central Transportation Co. v. New York (1978)
  • Dishonourable Mention: Tahoe- Sierra Preservation Council, Inc., v. Tahoe Regional Planning Agency (2002)

Earning an Honest Living
  • United States v. Carolene Products Co. (1938)
  • Dishonourable Mention: Nebbia v. New York (1934)

Equal Protection and Racial Preferences
  • Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)
  • Dishonourable Mention: Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)

Sources and useful information

  • Dictionary of ethical and legal terms and issues. The Essential Guide for Mental Health Professionals by Len Sperry. Published 2007 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Routledge
  • The dirty dozen How Twelve Court Cases Radically Expanded Government and Eroded Freedom by Robert A.Levy and William Mellor. Published by Cato Institute, 2009

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