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Self-assembly (also called Brownian assembly) is a term used to describe a spontaneous organisation of pre-existing individual components into an ordered structure without human or supernatural invention. Self-assembly is generally considered a reversible process, tunable by varying a thermodynamical parameter such as density or temperature and controlled through sophisticated design of the components. A self-assembled structure’s form based on thermodynamic principles in which free energy minimised. However, self-assembly is a fundamental principle which generates structural organisation on different scales, from a molecule (random motion of particles) to galaxies.

Two main kinds of self-assembly

There are mainly two kinds of two main kinds of self-assembly; static self-assembly and dynamic self-assembly. Static self-assembly happens when it does dissipate energy and involve systems that are at global or local equilibrium. Dynamic self-assembly happens only if the system is dissipating energy

Self-assembly applications

Introduction to nanotechnology in the fashion industry series

  • Glossary of biotechnology and Nano Biotechnology Terms fourth edition, Published in 2006 by CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group

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