Ramie fibre the perennial stalk producing plant has been cultivated in eastern Asia for fibre since prehistoric times. The plant 3-8 feet high, with heart-shaped leaves, the plant’s texture was used in the fabric in ancient Egypt and was known in Europe during the Middle Ages. Ramie fibre did not achieve importance in the West until the 1930s. Because of its desirable properties, including strength and durability, ramie frequently promoted as a textile fibre of great potential.
The fibre is pure white, lustrous, moisture absorbent, and readily dyed. The fibre is stronger than flax, cotton, or wool. Fabric made from ramie fibre is easily laundered, increasing in strength when wet, and does not shrink or lose its shape. It dries quickly and becomes smoother and more lustrous with repeated washing. Ramie is resistant to mildew and other types of microorganism attack and good fastness to the sun. Because ramie is brittle, spinning it is difficult and weaving complicated because ramie has a very hairy yarn surface.