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Visible light

Visible light is a term used to describe the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that can be detected by human eyes, typically wavelengths between 400 and 700 nm.



Volcanism is a term used to describe the phenomena of volcanic activity. Significant volcanic eruptions spew massive amounts of ash into the atmosphere that absorb solar radiation, thus potentially generating a cooling effect on planetary temperatures.


Vulnerability is the term used to describe the degree to which a system is unable or susceptible to, cope with, contrary effects of climate change, including variability and extreme weather.