TEXTILE FIBRE OVERVIEW DIAGRAM
Textile Finishing is the non-colouring process to make the woven or knitted fabric more acceptable to the consumer. Finishing processes include bleaching before dying; treatments, sizing applied after dying affecting touch treatments adding properties to enhance performance, such as shrinking.
Textile Industry. Derived from the Latin texere to weave, and used initially to describe woven fabrics. Textiles have become a general term for fibres, yarns, and other materials that can be made into fabrics as well as for woven or knitted fabrics.
Textile processing flow chart
TEXTILE RECYCLING ILLUSTRATION
The textile substrate is a term used to describe a substance which upon an enzyme reacts (surface treatments). In other words, compounds that undergo reactions with enzymes. Included are different colourants dyes, natural sizing and thickener materials, such as starches and cellulose derivatives, etc.
Textile substrates illustration
Textile waste can be classified as either pre-consumer or post-consumer textile waste. Pre-consumer textile waste is the leftovers or by-products from textile, fibre- or cotton industries. Post-consumer textile waste is the waste of fleece, flannel, corduroy, cotton, nylon, denim, wool, and linen.