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Metabolism is a term used to describe the energy required to carry out all cellular and physical processes in the living organism; input, transformation, and output of chemical reactions that occur between societies and their natural environment. Natural resources are “ingested food,” take into the body, take in via the mouth, consume (as in food); absorb, take in processed internally, and released into the environment. The enormous increase in this metabolic process A person in an industrial society consumes 15 to 20 times the amount of biomass, 20 times the amount of water, and about 10 times the amount of air that his or her individual metabolism alone would require; this expansion, of course, puts enormous pressure on the environment.

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