Manifesto (comes from Latin” Manu Festus” means struck by the hand) is a term used to describe a declaration in public. Historically Manifesto is commonly political, philosophical, religious or literary, principles and beliefs. For example, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels “The Communist Manifesto” (1848) is a typical political manifesto. A central political document of the French Revolution is The Declaration of the rights of man and citizen(1793) and not least the US Declaration of Independence (1776). In arts, films and literal manifestos of cultural and gender importance such as the papers Cyborg Manifesto (1985) by Donna Haraway notions on social feminism. Marcel Duchamp an artist and leading figure of Dadaism, however, The Dada Manifesto was written by Hugo Ball in 1916, of which he articulates contradictory Dada becoming an artistic movement. Later on in 1918 “Dada Manifesto by Tristan Tzara. Dada means “nothing“. Andre Bretons The surrealist manifesto is another example.
However, lately, Manifestos are written mostly against the commercial world such as corporations, advertising industry and capitalism endless greed “for more“, causes human misery, exploitation and the ecological crisis (Earth Charter Manifesto) or our Green Manifesto. For example, Adbuster Journal Of the mental environment presented and conceptualise actions such as Buy Nothing Day and redrafted the document First thing First manifesto from 1964 to first thing first manifesto 2000. The manifesto is a critic and encourages designers to think about why they do what they do, as many design information and help clients to sell stuff, the contradiction is perhaps the graphic design is less the solution and more the problem. The manifesto was signed by 33 leading designers and launched worldwide.
In 2007 launched the grand-old punk lady Vivienne Westwood The Active Resistance Manifesto against the “drug of Consumerism” with a view of motivating people to act upon climate change. Vivienne energized on “shop less” and rather create unique clothing from materials existing such as towels and curtains, a wear-in wear-out attitude and controversial statement of a fashion designer. The fashion revolution is design activism for a better and more ethical fashion, and textile industry with concepts such as “Who made my clothes”. The Fashion Revolution Manifesto is a document written in 2018. Read We are Fashion Revolution and this is Our Manifesto can be signed and downloaded on the Fashion Revolution and our own Green Manifesto.
- Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen 1789
- The Declaration of Independence, 1776.
- The surrealist manifesto
- Donna Haraway Cyborg manifesto
- Marx and Engels communist manifesto or Manifesto of the Communist Party
- Vivienne Westwood Refashioned, activism from the 1999s and up to the fashion revolution. part three
- The Active Resistance Manifesto
- Fashion revolution. org
- Dada Manifesto by Tristan Tzara
- Green Manifesto
CHECK OUT ECO-FASHION ENCYCLOPEDIA WITH MORE THAN 1000 ILLUSTRATED TERMS ECO-FASHION-DENIM AND DIAGRAMS ENCYCLOPEDIA OVERVIEW