Life cycle assessment (LCA)
Life cycle assessment or LCA – refers to a process in industrial ecology by which the products, processes, and facilities used to manufacture specific products are each examined for their environmental impacts. A balance sheet prepared for each product that considers: the use of materials; consumption of the energy; the recycling, re-use, and or disposal of non-used materials and energy; and the recycling or re-use of products after their commercial life has passed (next life). By taking a comprehensive, integrated look at all of these aspects of the manufacturing and use of products, life cycle assessment finds ways to increase efficiency, to re-use, reduce, and recycle materials, and to lessen the overall environmental.
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