Jute fibre is the name given to the tissue found to individual plants, which grow principally in India, and the East Indian Islands. The common jute comes mainly from Bengal, the province east of India, where it was first known to science around to the science around 1720 – 1725; the term jute applied on the fibre by Dr Rosburgh at the end of 17th century. The plant is cut just about the time when it appears in full flower. The stalks are then bundled and retted by steeping in pools of stagnant water.
Jute occupies the third position in the importance of vegetable fibres in the manufacturing scale, being inferior to cotton and flax. Jute is not as strong as Hemp and the fibre becomes weak when exposed to dampness. It is extensively used for mixing with silk, cotton, flax, hemp, and woolen fabrics. The coarse varieties are made into abrasive fabrics—sacks, packing cloth, etc., while the finer varieties, in which the undesirable quality of growing darker with age is less apparent, are used for making carpets, curtains, and heavy plushest, for which they are very suitable.