Industrial ecology is a field of study that handles within the sustainability framework. The essence of industrial ecology is described as a system not in isolation from its surrounding systems, but in the plan with them. Furthermore, means by which humanity can rationally and deliberately approach and maintain sustainability, retain cultural, economic and technological evolution.
Industrial ecology optimizes the total material’s cycle from virgin fabric to finish, to an element, to a product, to be obsolete, and to the final disposal. The optimized component includes factors such as resources, energy, and capital.