Hemp fibre is the oldest know industrial cord dated back to Mesopotamia 8000 BFC is a beneficial plant. It is a bast fibre that was probably used first in Asia. The Hemp plant used throughout the world since the beginning of time for just about everything that humanity needed. The first Levi jeans made of hemp as well as all of the soldier’s clothes for the Revolutionary War. In 2000 we made a collection named RED (Levi’s RED) mainly all the garment from the first collection was made out of hemp, I still have nearly all the jeans we produced as samples, and yet close to twenty years later they still are without holes.
The fibre is dark tan or brown and is difficult to bleach, but it can be dyed bright and dark colours. The hemp fibres vary widely in length, depending upon their ultimate use. Industrial cord may be several inches long, while thread used for domestic textiles are about 1.9 to 2.5 cm. The elongation of 1 to 6 per cent is low, and its elasticity is low. The thermal reactions of hemp and the effect of sunlight are the same as for cotton otherwise the difference is that hemp is a much better choice than cotton (in fact is 26 times stronger than cotton and ten times longer lasting. Hemp is the moth resistant, but it is not impervious to mild. Coarse hemp fib and yarns are woven into cordage, rope, sacking and heavy-duty tarpaulins. In Italy, fine hemp fibre for interior design and apparel fabrics. Hemp is a very durable fibre that holds its shape. It grows without the use of pesticides, herbicides or chemical fertilisers and can withstand harsh growing seasons. Hemp cultivation does not exhaust, but preferably continuously fertilises the soil by shedding its leaves throughout its growing period. In this way, it returns nutrients to the ground, helping to reduce the energy demand on the Earth. It is also naturally UV resistant and dries quickly.
Hemp fibre vs cotton fibre
Historical facts throughout most of human history, cotton was locally processed where it was grown. It was only fired up by the Industrial Revolution in the nineteenth century that enormous quantities of cotton shipped across continents and oceans. Cotton became, therefore, one of the highest-ranking global commodities and became attractive for American companies.
The American System have a protectionist policy first put forward by the Kentucky politician Henry Clay (1777– 1852) in 1824. Clay argued that protecting U.S. industry from foreign manufacturers would create large internal markets for cotton, foodstuffs, and other U.S. agricultural products. Since there was no profit to be earned on Industrial Hemp since the real problem is that one cannot patent a natural plant. The farmers did not need to pay for seeds, no fertilisers or pesticides to grow (Industrial hemp close to zero psychoactive effects (one per cent THC). Therefore a few very powerful families mainly involved in paper and chemical industry started campaigning for cotton and work against industrial hemp (the Harriman’s and Rockefellers (Standard Oil), the Whitney’s (Eli Whitney-Cotton Gin), DuPont (Chemicals in wood pulp processing and cotton pesticides), and Hearst (Newspapers, Media). They managed it well as industrial hemp was banned by law in 1930 by the Marijuana Act, and added tax on anyone who dealt commercially with the cloth. The passing of the act was pure of economic reasons. (source The secret history of America: the greatest conspiracy on Earth by David Icke)Why Hemp fibre is far better than Cotton fibre ecologically
TEXTILE FIBRE OVERVIEW