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Gross National Happiness (GNH)

Gross National Happiness (GNH)

The concept of Gross National Happiness was already mentioned in the section on economic value, as an attempt to define an indicator that measures the quality of life in a more holistic way than its economic counterpart GDP. The term was coined by Bhutan’s former King Jigme Singye. Recommended:

Domains of  Gross National Happiness (GNH)

Psychological well-being


  • Health status
  • Health knowledge
  • Barrier to Health

Community vitality

  • Family vitality
  • Safety
  • Reciprocity trust
  • Social support
  • Socialization
  • Kindship density

Living standards

  • Income
  • Housing
  • Food security
  • hardship


  • Government performance
  • Freedom
  • Institutional trust

Environmental diversity

  • Ecological degradation
  • Ecological knowledge
  • afforestation


  • Dialect use
  • Traditional sport
  • Community festival
  • Artisan skill
  • Value transmission
  • Basic precept


  • Education attainment
  • Dzongkha language
  • Folk & historical literacy

Time use

  • Sleeping hours
  • Walking hours

Recommended reading Meditation brain Infographic for a happier sustainable lifestyle


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Kenneth Lyngaas
Founder of buddha Jeans Company. We dig deep about denim culture, fashion, spirituality & philosophy for the twenty-first century sustainable community.
Kenneth Lyngaas
Kenneth Lyngaas
Kenneth Lyngaas
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