Graphene a term used to describe a flat single layer of carbon atoms densely arranged in a hexagonal two-dimensional honeycomb lattice, whereof its atomic structure can also be used as a basic building block to construct all other carbon-based materials of all other dimensional.
Examples such as:
- Nanotubes (rolled)
- Fullerenes (folded)
- Graphite (stacked)
Graphene has attracted a great deal of attention due to electronic properties in relation to first principle calculations.