The most important port in Italy; by the Genoa-bay by the northwest end of the Italian peninsula. 714.000 inhabitants. Industry; harbour for ships of all sizes. University builds in 1243; commercial upper-secondary school; Academy of Fine Arts. Romanesque-Gothic cathedral (10th – 14th centuries). Aristocracy palaces: Palazzo Reale (1650-1705), Palazzo Rosso (17. Cent.), both with collections of paintings. A 70 meters high lighthouse is the landmark of the town. Sight is the cemetery Camposanto.
Genova got under Roman control in 218 BC. As an independent republic in the middle age, it was the centre for trade in the Mediterranean; When it progressed its trade to the Orient (the West), it got in the dispute with Venezia. Defeats and internal disputes weakened the town, and in the 15th century, it lost its importance. In 1828 the town regained its independence thanks to Andrea Doria. In 1768 Genoa sold its last colony, Corsica, to Italy. Bonaparte later incorporated the town into France. In 1815 it got a part of the kingdom Sardinia. See Genes or Jeans Denim Encyclopedia