Felt (fabric) is the name of a unique textile fabric made of a random fibrous material classified according to a type of manufacture.
Felt manufacturing Classification
- Matted fibres of wool, hold together by stitching, a chemical binder, or by the action of heat or moisture.
- Milling felt (wool and hair felt) DIN 61 205, surface effect or whole fabric made of feltable fibres mixed with non-felting fibres. Includes nonwovens, consolidated through the effects of moisture, temperature, pressure, and movement (felting and if necessary, milling). From hairs = hair felt, from wool = wool felt, from wool and hairs = mixed felt (milled)
Felt is an ancient technique used to make textiles and examples have been found dating to between the seventh and second centuries BC in Siberia. The light piece felt is often used for traditional costumes and decorative purposes. Furthermore, as the base for hats and carpet underlays depending on the way of manufacture.
Technical felt commonly used in jackets, calendar felt, tubular felt, embossing felt and many other industrial applications such as shock-absorbing foundation underlay. Today the interest for a felt increase as people have embraced traditional technique in contemporary applications within slow and sustainable fashion environments. Felt materials apply in art installations by designers such as by Claudy Jongstra.
TEXTILE FIBRE OVERVIEW