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Felt is the name of a special textile fabric made of a random fibrous material that is classified according to a type of manufacture.

  1. Matted fibres of wool, hold together by stitching, a chemical binder, or by the action of heat or moisture.
  2. Milling felt (wool and hair felt): In accordance with DIN 61 205 surface effect or whole fabric made of feltable fibres, possibly mixed with non-felting fibres, includes nonwovens, consolidated through the effects of moisture, temperature, pressure, and movement (felting and if necessary, milling). From hairs = hair felt, from wool = wool felt, from wool and hairs = mixed felt (milled)

Felt is an ancient technology used to make textiles and examples have been found dating to between the seventh and second centuries BC in Siberia. The light piece felt is often used for traditional costumes and decorative purposes. Furthermore, as the base for hats and carpet underlays depending on the way of manufacture. Technical felt is commonly used as jackets, calender felt, tubular felt, embossing felt and many other industrial applications such as shock-absorbing foundation underlay. Today the interest for a felt increase steadily as people have embraced this traditional technique in contemporary applications within slow and sustainable fashion environments.  Felt used in art and installations such as by Claudy Jongstra and other interior designs, incorporating cell LED lights to create visual highlights are just a few examples of Felt fabric’s importance as a modern material that can be used in many future applications from clothing to emergency lighting system of the aircraft.


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