The digital divide is a term describing the gap between people who do have and those who do not have access to digital technology. Mostly Internet access now broadened to include other information and communication technologies (ICTs). It is a manifestation of several economic, social, educational and geographical differences according to Information sociologists (sources International Encyclopedia of Civil Society editors Helmut K. Anheier, Stefan Toepler, Regina List. Published 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media). It is not only across the world, access to information but, within a country or any social community.
Such as low- and high-income zones within inner and outer urbanity of which time factor speeds up in wealthier parts and slow down in more unfortunate (sources High-speed society: social acceleration, power, and modernity edited by Hartmut Rosa and William E. Scheuerman. Published 2009 The Pennsylvania State University). It is a parameter of inequality of which knowledge access divide is a treat to democracy. In the control of information by the growing bureaucratic, rules and regulation made by politicians and governmental institutions, the people fall-out are higher than laws issued. Taxpayers pay a part that includes knowledge made by research and studies, of which universities and information published by broad field of academics. Affordable only to professionals (books, costly subscriptions to digital portals) speeds-up and differentiate the ability to take part in any public discussion or issue. It gives knowledge advantage to upper, not working-class people. A form of social control and digital divide related to those people seen not productive (health issues, unemployment, addicted, elderly, ethnical) but a cost in the race for profit and less tax of welfare. A repetitive reminder of pre-World-War II German Nazism government. The information access and know-how of using reduce possible income for the lower classes.
By ICT means the use of computers, mobile phones, CD, DVD, Internet in the flow of information, both access to and knowledge handling any device educational skills of using such technology divide people. It is happening at a global and local level, however, reveal a vast array of controversial approaches and interpretations. Many studies of the digital divide published since the first made by the US Department of Commerce’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) 1995. The gap between people who do have and those who do not have access physically to digital technology or social skills to benefit and transform information into usable knowledge. Geographically divided as socioeconomic globally and local scale. Overall issues whatever stigma of social groups have one common point above all the hunt for profit and accumulation of wealth, nothing else. It is a problem in many aspects since the start of the industrial revolution.
There are many general classifications and broadening on the digital divide since the term became mapped in the 1990s. Nevertheless, the critical concept is social inclusion because of the not affordable cost. It is a part of system complexity; as everything is interconnected and in constant change. It is a core of sustainable development three dimensions lack of actions by leading industrial nations and the US empire force to create a new world order without any individual rights or transnational influence.
Source and Useful Information
- International Encyclopedia of Civil Society editors Helmut K. Anheier, Stefan Toepler, Regina List. Published 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media
- High-speed society: social acceleration, power, and modernity edited by Hartmut Rosa and William E. Scheuerman. Published 2009 The Pennsylvania State University
- Ctrl Alt Delete, how politics and media crashed our democracy by Tom Baldwin. Published 2018 by C. Hurst & Co. (Publishers) Ltd
- Africa’s digital divide – Ocorian orbitt.comn